Speech Therapy

Articulation

An articulation disorder is the inability to properly form certain word sounds. A person with this speech disorder may drop, swap, distort, or add word sounds. An example of distorting a word would be saying “tar” instead of “car.” Not being able to say certain sounds does affect a person’s ability to sound out words while reading. For example, when sounding out the printed word “red” your child may sound out “wed.”   

Child doing speech therapy
happy couple in speech

Resonance Disorders

A resonance disorder occurs when a blockage or obstruction of regular airflow in the nasal or oral cavities alters the vibrations responsible for voice quality. Resonance disorders are often associated with cleft palate, neurological disorders, and swollen tonsils.

Fluency Disorders

A fluency disorder affects the flow, speed, and rhythm of speech. Stuttering and cluttering are fluency disorders. A person who stutters has trouble getting out a sound and may have speech that is blocked or interrupted, or may repeat part of all of a word. A person with cluttering often speaks very fast and merges words together.

  • Examples of stuttering are as follows:
    • Word repetitions (“We we we we ate pizza”),
    • Partial word repetitions (“W-W-W-W-We ate pizza”),
    • Prolongations (“WWWWe ate pizza”),
    • Distracting interjections (um, um, ummmmm or like… like… like)
    • Word blocks (when the mouth is situated to say a word or sound but nothing comes out)
little boy speaking in therapy